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Solutions for Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781133952848

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Solutions for Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote
ISBN: 9781133952848

Since 58 problems in chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination have been answered, more than 3525 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination includes 58 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133952848.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Achiral

    An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness

  • alkynes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • Avogadro’s hypothesis

    A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)

  • biodegradable

    Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)

  • Estrogen

    A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • hydrophilic

    A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.

  • Hydrophobic

    From the Greek, meaning water-fearing.

  • J value

    When signal splitting occurs in 1H NMR spectroscopy, the distance (in hertz) between the individual peaks of a signal.

  • kinetic-molecular theory

    A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumptions, when translated into mathematical form, yield the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.7)

  • limiting reactant (limiting reagent)

    The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)

  • normal melting point

    The melting point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.6)

  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • photochemical smog

    A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)

  • reactant

    A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

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