- 4.1: How many of the following compounds arenamed correctly?I. N a2 S O4...
- 4.2: Which of the following chemical formulasis incorrect?A FeS iron(II)...
- 4.3: Which of the following compounds is namedincorrectly?A PC l3 phosph...
- 4.4: Which of the following names is incorrect?A cobalt(II) chlorideB ma...
- 4.5: In which case is the polyatomic ionnamed incorrectly?A NH 4 ammoniu...
- 4.6: What is the correct name for the compoundFe2 O 3 ?A iron oxideB iro...
- 4.7: Which of the following is the correct formulafor chlorous acid?A HC...
- 4.8: When dihydrogen sulfide is dissolved inwater, it is called,A sulfur...
- 4.9: Which of the following acids is namedincorrectly?A HN O3 nitrous ac...
- 4.10: Fill in the missing name or formula
- 4.11: In naming binary compounds, you sometimessimply name the ions. In o...
Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature
Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition
acetoacetic ester synthesis
A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.
The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)
The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
A cyclic ester.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)
Nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.
An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)
A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)
A triglyceride having several carbon-carbon double bonds in the hydrocarbon chains of its three fatty acids.
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids
A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.
In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.
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