- 4.1: How many of the following compounds arenamed correctly?I. N a2 S O4...
- 4.2: Which of the following chemical formulasis incorrect?A FeS iron(II)...
- 4.3: Which of the following compounds is namedincorrectly?A PC l3 phosph...
- 4.4: Which of the following names is incorrect?A cobalt(II) chlorideB ma...
- 4.5: In which case is the polyatomic ionnamed incorrectly?A NH 4 ammoniu...
- 4.6: What is the correct name for the compoundFe2 O 3 ?A iron oxideB iro...
- 4.7: Which of the following is the correct formulafor chlorous acid?A HC...
- 4.8: When dihydrogen sulfide is dissolved inwater, it is called,A sulfur...
- 4.9: Which of the following acids is namedincorrectly?A HN O3 nitrous ac...
- 4.10: Fill in the missing name or formula
- 4.11: In naming binary compounds, you sometimessimply name the ions. In o...
Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature
Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition
The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded only to alkyl groups.
A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
Ionic compounds containing the C2 22 or C42 ion. (22.3)
From the Greek, cheir meaning hand; an object that is not superposable on its mirror image; an object that has handedness.
A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)
A !CH2! group.
A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)
Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.
Resonance in NMR spectroscopy
The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).