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Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature

Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780618562763

Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: World Of Chemistry, edition: 2. World Of Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618562763. Chapter 4: Nomenclature includes 11 full step-by-step solutions. Since 11 problems in chapter 4: Nomenclature have been answered, more than 875 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acetoacetic ester synthesis

    A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • Arrhenius equation

    An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)

  • atomic weight

    The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)

  • chemical reactions

    Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)

  • diazotization

    The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • Molecular ion (M1)

    The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • oxidation

    A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • oxyanion

    A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)

  • phosphoglycerides

    Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.

  • polyprotic acid

    A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)

  • Polyunsaturated triglyceride

    A triglyceride having several carbon-carbon double bonds in the hydrocarbon chains of its three fatty acids.

  • salinity

    A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)

  • Saponifi cation

    Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids

  • trigonal planar

    A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.

  • wedge

    In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.

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