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Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature

Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780618562763

Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: World Of Chemistry, edition: 2. World Of Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618562763. Chapter 4: Nomenclature includes 11 full step-by-step solutions. Since 11 problems in chapter 4: Nomenclature have been answered, more than 1571 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absorbance

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.

  • activity

    The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)

  • Alkene metathesis

    A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.

  • Allyl

    A !CH2CH"CH2 group.

  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • alpha (a) helix

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.

  • amines.

    Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • beta particles.

    See beta rays.

  • body-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • bond length

    The distance between the centers of two bonded atoms. (Section 8.3)

  • d sugar

    A carbohydrate for whichthe chirality center farthest from the carbonylgroup will have an OH group pointing to theright in the Fischer projection.

  • globular proteins

    Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • Molecular orbital (MO) theory

    A theory of chemical bonding in which electrons in molecules occupy molecular orbitals that extend over the entire molecule and are formed by the combination of the atomic orbitals that make up the molecule

  • Organic synthesis

    A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.

  • pyranose ring

    A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • thioacetal

    A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.

  • Torsional strain

    Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.

  • vinylic

    The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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