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Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature

Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780618562763

Solutions for Chapter 4: Nomenclature

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: World Of Chemistry, edition: 2. World Of Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618562763. Chapter 4: Nomenclature includes 11 full step-by-step solutions. Since 11 problems in chapter 4: Nomenclature have been answered, more than 2748 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • adsorption

    The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)

  • Aliphatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded only to alkyl groups.

  • alkyl amines

    A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.

  • antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • battery.

    A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)

  • carbides.

    Ionic compounds containing the C2 22 or C42 ion. (22.3)

  • Chiral

    From the Greek, cheir meaning hand; an object that is not superposable on its mirror image; an object that has handedness.

  • Claisen condensation

    A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.

  • electrolytic cell

    A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)

  • liquid crystal

    A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • Methylene

    A !CH2! group.

  • molecular equation

    A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)

  • molecular solids

    Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)

  • percent yield

    The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)

  • primitive lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • rate-determining step

    The sloweststep in a multistep reaction which determines the rate of the reaction.

  • Resonance in NMR spectroscopy

    The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.

  • Wavenumbers (—n )

    The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).

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