- 13.1: You are holding two helium balloons, a largeballoon and a small bal...
- 13.2: Determine the pressure exerted by 1.80 mol ofgas in a 2.92-L contai...
- 13.3: Consider a gas at 1.00 atm in a 5.00-L containerat 20.0 C. What pre...
- 13.4: Consider a mixture of equal masses of heliumand hydrogen gases in a...
- 13.5: You are holding three balloons each containing10.0 g of a different...
- 13.6: A 4.37 gram sample of a certain diatomic gasoccupies a volume of 3....
- 13.7: The choices below are all assumptions of thekinetic molecular theor...
- 13.8: Use the graphs below to answer questions 810.A ImageB ImageC ImageD...
- 13.9: Use the graphs below to answer questions 810.A ImageB ImageC ImageD...
- 13.10: Use the graphs below to answer questions 810.A ImageB ImageC ImageD...
Solutions for Chapter 13: Gases
Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition
Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.
A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)
See alpha rays.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
For a peptide chain,the end that contains the COOH group. carbinolamine (Sect. 20.6): A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and a nitrogen atom, both of which are connceted to the same carbon atom.
A species in which a carbon atom has only six electrons in its valence shell and bears a positive charge
A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)
A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.
A carbohydrate for which the chirality center farthest from the carbonyl group will have an OH group pointing to the left in the Fischer projection.
The electrophile in a Michael reaction.
The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).