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Solutions for Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry

Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780618562763

Solutions for Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: World Of Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 9 problems in chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry have been answered, more than 2538 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry includes 9 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. World Of Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618562763.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • beta elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • critical pressure

    The pressure at which a gas at its critical temperature is converted to a liquid state. (Section 11.4)

  • dimensional analysis

    A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Equivalent hydrogens

    Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment

  • heterolytic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • ozonolysis

    A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.

  • peptide bond

    The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.

  • period

    The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

    A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain

  • radical initiator

    A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.

  • resonance

    A method that chemists use to deal with the inadequacy of bond-line drawings.

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

  • twist boat

    A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.

  • weak activators

    Groups that weakly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby enhancing the rate of the reaction.

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