- 18.1: In the following reaction, identify whichelement is oxidized, and w...
- 18.2: In which of the following compounds or ionsis the oxidation state f...
- 18.3: Which of the following is not an oxidationreduction reaction?A 2Al(...
- 18.4: In the following reaction, identify theoxidizing agent and the redu...
- 18.5: Which of the following is true concerning thefollowing equation?Ag(...
- 18.6: The oxidizing agent in the lead storagebattery isA PbB PbO2C H2 S O...
- 18.7: The process in which electrical energy is usedto produce chemical e...
- 18.8: Label the following parts of the galvanic cell. anode cathode reduc...
- 18.9: The reaction Cu(s) N O3 (aq) nCu2(aq) NO(g) takes place in acidic s...
Solutions for Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry
Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
Compounds containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.
A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)
Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.
In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)
A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)
A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)
Elimination of water.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
parts per million (ppm)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 106 (million) grams of solution; equals milligrams of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
Primary (1°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens
Primary structure of nucleic acids
The sequence of bases along the pentose-phosphodiester backbone of a DNA or RNA molecule read from the 5’ end to the 3’ end
The amount of a substance that dissolves in a given quantity of solvent at a given temperature to form a saturated solution. (Sections 4.2 and 13.2)
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.
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