- 18.1: In the following reaction, identify whichelement is oxidized, and w...
- 18.2: In which of the following compounds or ionsis the oxidation state f...
- 18.3: Which of the following is not an oxidationreduction reaction?A 2Al(...
- 18.4: In the following reaction, identify theoxidizing agent and the redu...
- 18.5: Which of the following is true concerning thefollowing equation?Ag(...
- 18.6: The oxidizing agent in the lead storagebattery isA PbB PbO2C H2 S O...
- 18.7: The process in which electrical energy is usedto produce chemical e...
- 18.8: Label the following parts of the galvanic cell. anode cathode reduc...
- 18.9: The reaction Cu(s) N O3 (aq) nCu2(aq) NO(g) takes place in acidic s...
Solutions for Chapter 18: OxidationReduction Reactions and Electrochemistry
Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition
absolute temperature scale.
A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.
The quantity of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (Section 4.5)
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.
A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.
A charge associated with any atom that does not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons.
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
polar covalent bond
A bond in which the difference in electronegative values of the two atoms is between 0.5 and 1.7.
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
A set of rules for specifying absolute confi guration about a chiral center; also called the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system
A compound that reduces another compound and in the process is itself oxidized. Sodium borohydride and lithium aluminum hydride are reducing agents.
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
Stork enamine synthesis
A Michaelreaction in which an enamine functions as anucleophile.
A compound containing an !SH (sulfhydryl) group bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon.