Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: Atoms First 1st Edition

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge,

Full solutions for Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge,

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First
Edition: 1st
Author: Julia Burdge,
ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511160. Since 97 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 52992 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8 includes 97 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First , edition: 1st. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absolute confi guration

    Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).

  • alkaline earth metals.

    The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)

  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • Aufbau principle

    A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.

  • benzylic position

    A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.

  • beta (b) rays.

    Electrons. (2.2)

  • Brønsted–Lowry base

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)

  • configuration

    The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).

  • conjugate acid

    A substance formed by addition of a proton to a Brønsted–Lowry base. (Section 16.2)

  • covalent-network solids

    Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)

  • E,Z system

    A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond

  • Frost circles

    A simple method for drawing the relative energy levels of the MOs for a ring assembled from continuously overlapping p orbitals.

  • hyperconjugation

    An effect that explains why alkyl groups stabilize a carbocation.

  • Hyperconjugation

    Interaction of electrons in a s-bonding orbital with the vacant 2p orbital of an adjacent positively charged carbon.

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • Photodynamic therapy

    Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.

  • pyrimidine

    A compound that is similar in structure to pyridine but contains one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • spontaneous process

    A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)

  • sterically hindered

    A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.

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