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Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: Atoms First 1st Edition

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby

Full solutions for Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First
Edition: 1
Author: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby
ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511160. Since 97 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 63991 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8 includes 97 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First , edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Carbon

    A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group

  • acetylide ion

    The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.

  • addition to p bond

    One of the six kinds of arrow-pushing patterns used in drawing mechanisms for radical reactions. A radical adds to a p bond, destroying the p bond and generating a new radical.

  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • base ionization constant (Kb).

    The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)

  • Chemical shift (d)

    The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS

  • Conjugate acid

    The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid

  • displacement reaction

    A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • Merrifield synthesis

    A method for building a peptide from protected building blocks.

  • molecular compound

    A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)

  • nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally. (Section 8.4) normal boiling point The boiling point at 1 atm pressure. (Section 11.5)

  • prosthetic group

    A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • SN1 reaction

    A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • step-growth polymers

    Polymers that are formed under conditions in which the individual monomers react with each other to form oligomers, which are then joined together to form polymers.

  • third order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three

  • unimolecular

    For mechanisms, astep that involves only one chemical entity.

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