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Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: Atoms First 1st Edition

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby

Full solutions for Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First
Edition: 1
Author: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby
ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511160. Since 97 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 81058 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 8 includes 97 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First , edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Avogadro’s law

    A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)

  • Baeyer-Villiger oxidation

    A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.

  • combination reaction

    A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)

  • complex ion.

    An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)

  • deactivate

    For a substitutedaromatic ring, the effect of an electronwithdrawingsubstituent that decreases therate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • Diels-Alder adduct

    A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • gauche interaction

    The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • hydration

    Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)

  • lithium dialkyl cuprate

    A nucleophilic compound with the general structureR2CuLi.

  • LUMO

    The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.

  • molarity

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)

  • proteins

    Polypeptide chains comprised of more than 40 or 50 amino acids.

  • Protic acid

    An acid that is a proton donor in an acidbase reaction.

  • Ring current

    An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.

  • shielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.

  • Step-growth polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers as, for example, between adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine to form nylon 66. Also called condensation polymerization.

  • substrate

    The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.

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