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Solutions for Chapter 16: An Introduction to Chemistry 2nd Edition

An Introduction to Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9780073511078 | Authors: Richard C. Bauer

Full solutions for An Introduction to Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780073511078

An Introduction to Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9780073511078 | Authors: Richard C. Bauer

Solutions for Chapter 16

Solutions for Chapter 16
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Textbook: An Introduction to Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: Richard C. Bauer
ISBN: 9780073511078

An Introduction to Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511078. Chapter 16 includes 123 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: An Introduction to Chemistry , edition: 2. Since 123 problems in chapter 16 have been answered, more than 36274 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • band gap

    The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)

  • biodegradable polymers

    Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.

  • cathode.

    The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)

  • Electromagnetic radiation

    Light and other forms of radiant energy.

  • Endothermic reaction

    A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is absorbed

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • equilibrium constant

    The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)

  • Hofmann rule

    Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.

  • ionic bond

    A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • Ligand

    A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • Organic synthesis

    A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.

  • Ortho

    Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.

  • protecting group

    A group that is used during synthesis to protect a functional group from the reaction conditions.

  • random copolymer

    A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

  • strong deactivators

    Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.

  • van der Waals radius

    The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.

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