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Solutions for Chapter 18: Principles of General Chemistry 2nd Edition

Principles of General Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9780073511085 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Full solutions for Principles of General Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780073511085

Principles of General Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9780073511085 | Authors: Martin S. Silberberg

Solutions for Chapter 18

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Principles of General Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: Martin S. Silberberg
ISBN: 9780073511085

Principles of General Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511085. Since 106 problems in chapter 18 have been answered, more than 262399 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 18 includes 106 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Principles of General Chemistry, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero.

    Theoretically the lowest attainable temperature. (5.3)

  • acetoacetic ester synthesis

    A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.

  • alpha 1A2 helix

    A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)

  • antiferromagnetism

    A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)

  • carbon black

    A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)

  • Chromatography

    A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.

  • complex ion.

    An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)

  • diffusion

    The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)

  • effusion

    The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)

  • electrolytic cell

    A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)

  • equilibrium-constant expression

    The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)

  • hemiacetal

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)

    Compounds that contain only carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen (no chlorine).

  • lipid bilayer

    The main fabricof cell membranes, assembled primarily fromphosphoglycerides.

  • rate law

    An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • secondary

    A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • solution alloy

    A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)

  • sulfoxide

    A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

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