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Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780321910417

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8 includes 268 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 268 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 245988 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atom.

    The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)

  • Baeyer-Villiger oxidation

    A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.

  • base peak

    In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.

  • chemical property.

    Any property of a substance that cannot be studied without converting the substance into some other substance. (1.6)

  • Claisen condensation

    A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl

  • Conjugate base

    The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base

  • Curved arrow

    A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons

  • degenerate orbitals

    Orbitals that have the same energy.

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • Diazonium ion

    An ArN2 1 or RN2 1 ion

  • gauche conformation

    A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • hydrophobic

    Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • leaving group

    A group capable ofseparating from a compound.

  • magnetic moment

    A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.

  • metalloids

    Elements that lie along the diagonal line separating the metals from the nonmetals in the periodic table; the properties of metalloids are intermediate between those of metals and nonmetals. (Section 2.5)

  • resonance structures (resonance forms)

    Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)

  • second-order reaction

    A reaction in which the overall reaction order (the sum of the concentration- term exponents) in the rate law is 2. (Section 14.4)

  • silica

    Common name for silicon dioxide. (Section 22.4)

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