Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321910417

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8 includes 268 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 268 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 146650 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allene

    The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.

  • amalgam.

    An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)

  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A proton donor

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • crossed aldol reaction

    An aldol reaction that occurs between different partners.

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • d–d transition

    The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • electron affinity

    The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • Fischer esterification

    A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • hemiacetal

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • hydride shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).

  • kinetic energy

    The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)

  • Methylene

    A !CH2! group.

  • Nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.

  • plasticizers

    Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.

  • Protic acid

    An acid that is a proton donor in an acidbase reaction.

  • saturated

    A compound that contains no p bonds.

  • Steric hindrance

    The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.

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