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Solutions for Chapter 8: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 8

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321910417

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8 includes 268 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 268 problems in chapter 8 have been answered, more than 67599 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Acetal

    A molecule containing two !OR or !OAr groups bonded to the same carbon

  • alkyl halide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • cell voltage.

    Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)

  • Enthalpy change, DH

    The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.

  • High-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • Hydrophobic effect

    The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.

  • lanthanide (rare earth) element

    Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • photoionization

    The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • Racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.

  • reverse osmosis

    The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • stereospecific

    A reaction in which the configuration of the product is dependent on the configuration of the starting material.

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

Textbook Survival Guides

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