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Solutions for Chapter 12: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 12

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780321910417

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 259 problems in chapter 12 have been answered, more than 262976 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 12 includes 259 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • amalgam.

    An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)

  • basic oxide (basic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)

  • Cycloalkane

    A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring

  • electrolyte

    A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)

  • Enol

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a doubly bonded carbon atom.

  • Equatorial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring

  • functional group

    A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.

  • Gibbs free energy (G)

    The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.

  • Haloalkene (vinylic halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Hemiacetal

    A molecule containing an !OH and an !OR or !OAr group bonded to the same carbon

  • ionic bond

    A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.

  • isoelectronic series

    A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • Ortho

    Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.

  • spectrum

    The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)

  • thermosetting resins

    Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.

  • tosylate

    An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.

  • Wavenumbers (—n )

    The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).

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