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Solutions for Chapter 14: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 14

Solutions for Chapter 14
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321910417

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 283 problems in chapter 14 have been answered, more than 67476 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Chapter 14 includes 283 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • biodegradable polymers

    Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • cellular respiration

    A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.

  • conductor.

    Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)

  • covalent compounds.

    Compounds containing only covalent bonds. (9.4)

  • Excited state

    A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.

  • Glass transition temperature (TG)

    The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • neutralization reaction

    A reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometrically equivalent amounts; the neutralization reaction between an acid and a metal hydroxide produces water and a salt. (Section 4.3)

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • oxyanion

    A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • phase diagram

    A graphic representation of the equilibria among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of a substance as a function of temperature and pressure. (Section 11.6)

  • polyprotic acid

    A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)

  • R (Section 3.3)

    From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.

  • second-order reaction

    A reaction in which the overall reaction order (the sum of the concentration- term exponents) in the rate law is 2. (Section 14.4)

  • stereoselective

    A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.

  • Steric hindrance

    The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.

  • Syndiotactic polymer

    A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene

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