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Solutions for Chapter 22: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 22

Solutions for Chapter 22
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321910417

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Since 215 problems in chapter 22 have been answered, more than 67734 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 22 includes 215 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • alkyl group

    A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)

  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • Axial bond

    A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.

  • Carbene

    A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).

  • cellular respiration

    A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.

  • cellulose

    A polysaccharide of glucose; it is the major structural element in plant matter. (Section 24.8)

  • critical temperature (Tc).

    The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • Heterolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.

  • imidazole

    A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.

  • Lewis structure

    A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)

  • limiting reactant (limiting reagent)

    The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • migratory aptitude

    In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.

  • polarizability

    The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • ring flip

    A conformational change in which one chair conformation is converted into the other.

  • thiolate

    The conjugate base of a thiol.

Textbook Survival Guides

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