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Solutions for Chapter 23: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 23

Solutions for Chapter 23
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321910417

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 23 includes 203 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 203 problems in chapter 23 have been answered, more than 66423 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • antiaromatic

    Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.

  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • Aufbau principle

    A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.

  • becquerel

    The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)

  • benzylic position

    A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • critical mass

    The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)

  • endothermic process

    A process in which a system absorbs heat from its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • fingerprint region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).

  • formation constant

    For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)

  • heterolytic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.

  • Hofmann elimination

    When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product

  • hydrogen deficiency index (HDI)

    A measure of the number of degrees of unsaturation in a compound.

  • Hydrophobic effect

    The tendency of nonpolar groups to cluster so as to shield them from contact with an aqueous environment.

  • Isomers

    Different compounds with the same molecular formula.

  • optically active

    Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • resolving agents

    A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.

  • Thermochemistry

    The study of the energy of chemical structures.

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