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Solutions for Chapter 1.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 1.1SE

Solutions for Chapter 1.1SE
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 1.1SE have been answered, more than 66936 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 1.1SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amino acid residue

    The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.

  • Anion

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.

  • Avogadro’s number (NA).

    6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)

  • bar

    A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)

  • coordination compound

    A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • copolymer

    A complex polymer resulting from the polymerization of two or more chemically different monomers. (Section 12.8)

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • enantiomers

    Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • Frost circle

    A graphic method for determining the relative energies of p MOs for planar, fully conjugated, monocyclic compounds.

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • meta

    On an aromatic ring, the C3 position.

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • ortho-para director

    A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.

  • overlap

    The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)

  • polysaccharides

    Polymers made up of repeating monosaccharide units linked together by glycoside bonds.

  • solvent extraction

    A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.

  • Syndiotactic polymer

    A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene

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