- 1.11SE.1PE: Converting Units Using Two or More Conversion FactorsThe average sp...
- 1.11SE.2PE: Converting Units Using Two or More Conversion FactorsThe average sp...
Solutions for Chapter 1.11SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)
The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.
A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)
A voltaic cell containing the same electrolyte and the same electrode materials in both the anode and cathode compartments. The emf of the cell is derived from a difference in the concentrations of the same electrolyte solutions in the compartments. (Section 20.6)
Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
heat of reaction
The heat given off during a reaction.
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)
A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.
The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.
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