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Solutions for Chapter 1.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
atomic number (Z).
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. (2.3)
Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.
A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
Cyclic polyethers whose molecular models resemble crowns.
A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.
A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)
The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)
An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. (Section 24.1)
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.
A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.
A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
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