- 1.5SE.1PE: Relating Significant Figures to the Uncertainty of a MeasurementWha...
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Solutions for Chapter 1.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
Next to a carbon-carbon double bond.
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
A complex whose electrons populate the d orbitals to give the maximum number of unpaired electrons. (Section 23.6)
Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions
The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the left.
nuclear disintegration series
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one; also called a radioactive series. (Section 21.2)
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
Polar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is between approximately 0.5 and 1.9.
A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
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