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Solutions for Chapter 1.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A hydrocarbon that lacks p bonds.
alpha 1A2 helix
A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.
A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.
Proteins that consist of chains that are coiled into compact shapes.
heat of sublimation
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a solid. (Section 11.4)
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
From the Greek, meaning water-loving.
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.
A prefi x meaning across from.
valence bond theory
A theory that treats a bond as the sharing of electrons that are associated with individual atoms, rather than being associated with the entire molecule.
A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.