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Solutions for Chapter 1.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).
A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when an acid is deprotonated.
The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any
A substance added to a solution that changes color when the added solute has reacted with all the solute present in solution. The most common type of indicator is an acid–base indicator whose color changes as a function of pH. (Section 4.6)
inversion of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center is changed.
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
spin magnetic quantum number 1ms2
A quantum number associated with the electron spin; it may have values of +12 or -12. (Section 6.7)
In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.