- 2.1SE.1PE: Atomic SizeThe diameter of a US. dime is 17.9 mm, and the diameter ...
- 2.1SE.2PE: Atomic SizeThe diameter of a US. dime is 17.9 mm, and the diameter ...
Solutions for Chapter 2.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).
A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
A catalyst that is in a different phase from that of the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)
A compound containing an !OOH group.
A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.
A ligand in which two or more donor atoms can coordinate to the same metal ion. (Section 23.3)
The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)
redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction
A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
In nomenclature, the groups connected to the parent chain.
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.
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