- 2.13SE.1PE: Relating the Names and Formulas of AcidsName the acids (a) HCN, (b)...
- 2.13SE.2PE: Relating the Names and Formulas of AcidsName the acids (a) HCN, (b)...
Solutions for Chapter 2.13SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A dicarboxylic acid that is produced when an aldose or ketose is treated with a strong oxidizing agent, such as HNO3.
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring parallel to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly perpendicular to the equator of the ring.
The process of preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one by adding solvent. (Section 4.5)
A biological membrane that consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins, carbohydrates, and other lipids on the surface and embedded in the bilayer
The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)
For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)
The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)
hexagonal close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
A compound that contains an !OH bonded to a benzene ring; a benzenol.
The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)
A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which have alternating configuration.
A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.
Z (Section 5.2C)
From the German, zusammen, meaning opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on the same side
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