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Solutions for Chapter 2.15SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 2.15SE

Solutions for Chapter 2.15SE
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Since 2 problems in chapter 2.15SE have been answered, more than 248007 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 2.15SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldonic acid

    The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group

  • anti addition

    An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • chemical reaction.

    A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)

  • cumulated diene

    A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.

  • curie

    A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)

  • degenerate

    A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)

  • Elastomer

    A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.

  • electron-sea model

    A model for the behavior of electrons in metals. (Section 12.4)

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • Gibbs free energy (G)

    The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.

  • Haloalkene (vinylic halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • ideal gas

    A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • Index of hydrogen defi ciency

    The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.

  • mass

    A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • Oxidation

    The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.

  • polyprotic acid

    A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)

  • radial probability function

    The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)

  • three-center, two-electron bonds

    A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).

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