- 2.15SE.1PE: Writing Structural and Molecular Formulas for HydrocarbonsAssuming ...
- 2.15SE.2PE: Writing Structural and Molecular Formulas for HydrocarbonsAssuming ...
Solutions for Chapter 2.15SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.
A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.
A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)
A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.
A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.
A model for the behavior of electrons in metals. (Section 12.4)
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
Haloalkene (vinylic halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
Index of hydrogen defi ciency
The sum of the number of rings and p bonds in a molecule.
A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)
radial probability function
The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)
three-center, two-electron bonds
A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).