- 2.2SE.1PE: Determining the Number of Subatomic Particles in AtomsHow many prot...
- 2.2SE.2PE: Determining the Number of Subatomic Particles in AtomsHow many prot...
Solutions for Chapter 2.2SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)
A conformation of cyclohexane in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and many hydrogen atoms are eclipsing each other.
The angles made by the lines joining the nuclei of the atoms in a molecule. (Section 9.1)
For a peptide chain,the end that contains the COOH group. carbinolamine (Sect. 20.6): A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and a nitrogen atom, both of which are connceted to the same carbon atom.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram
Any process with a negative DG.
For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.
Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light
A phosphoric monoester, which is the simplest kind of phosphoglyceride.
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)
Tertiary structure of proteins
The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.