- 2.6SE.1PE: Relating Empirical and Molecular FormulasWrite the empirical formul...
- 2.6SE.2PE: Relating Empirical and Molecular FormulasWrite the empirical formul...
Solutions for Chapter 2.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)
An !OR group where R is an alkyl group
alpha 1A2 helix
A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
Bond dissociation enthalpy
The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
Saturated hydrocarbons of general formula CnH2n in which the carbon atoms form a closed ring. (Section 24.2)
A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)
A curved arrow with only one barb, indicating the motion of just one electron (also see Sect. 11.1).
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
heat of fusion
The enthalpy change, ?H, for melting a solid. (Section 11.4)
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
hydrogen deficiency index (HDI)
A measure of the number of degrees of unsaturation in a compound.
A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)
A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)
Primary structure of nucleic acids
The sequence of bases along the pentose-phosphodiester backbone of a DNA or RNA molecule read from the 5’ end to the 3’ end
root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2
The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)