- 2.6SE.1PE: Relating Empirical and Molecular FormulasWrite the empirical formul...
- 2.6SE.2PE: Relating Empirical and Molecular FormulasWrite the empirical formul...
Solutions for Chapter 2.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching out of phase with each other.
A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)
Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.
A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions
lanthanide (rare earth) element
Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.
An electronwithdrawing group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the meta position.
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
Nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile bonded to the carbon of an acyl group is replaced by another nucleophile.
Pauli exclusion principle
The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.
A carbohydrate containing a large number of monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by one or more glycosidic bonds.
An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
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