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Solutions for Chapter 12.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Impurities that can accept electrons from semiconductors. (21.3)
A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with the correct value. (Section 1.5)
For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is reduced.
The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
A polyester in which the carboxyl groups are derived from carbonic acid
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
An ionic compound formed by replacing one or more hydrogens of an acid by other cations. (Section 4.3)
A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.
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