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Solutions for Chapter 12.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.
See alpha rays.
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
Orbitals fi ll in order of increasing energy, from lowest to highest.
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
A compound containing a carboxyl, !COOH, group.
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
The circulation of electron density in the presence of an external magnetic field, which produces a local (induced) magnetic field that opposes the external magnetic field.
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
Proteins that consist of linear chains that are bundled together.
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.
In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands