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Solutions for Chapter 13.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
See beta rays.
An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer
An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.
The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)
An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.
A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)
frequency factor (A)
A term in the Arrhenius equation that is related to the frequency of collision and the probability that the collisions are favorably oriented for reaction. (Section 14.5)
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
Bonding, usually in solid metals, in which the bonding electrons are relatively free to move throughout the three-dimensional structure. (Section 8.1)
A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.
Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)
A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.
A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.
A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond