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Solutions for Chapter 13.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 13.1SE

Solutions for Chapter 13.1SE
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Since 2 problems in chapter 13.1SE have been answered, more than 68142 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 13.1SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • bond-line structures

    The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • Born–Haber cycle

    A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)

  • compound.

    A substance composed of atoms of two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions. (1.4)

  • conjugated diene

    A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • diagnostic region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.

  • diazotization

    The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • Hofmann elimination

    When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • Ketone

    A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.

  • molecular geometry

    The arrangement in space of the atoms of a molecule. (Section 9.2)

  • nuclear transmutation

    A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)

  • oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction

    A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • reducing agent

    A compound that reduces another compound and in the process is itself oxidized. Sodium borohydride and lithium aluminum hydride are reducing agents.

  • scientific method

    The general process of advancing scientific knowledge by making experimental observations and by formulating hypotheses, theories, and laws. (Section 1.3)

  • spectrum

    The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)

  • Stereocenter

    An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter

  • ylide

    A compound with two oppositely charged atoms adjacent to each other.

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