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Solutions for Chapter 13.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group
A compound containing a !CHO group
A solid solution composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with one or more nonmetals. (21.2)
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
Next to a carbon-carbon double bond.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
The enthalpy change required to break a bond in a mole of gaseous molecules. (9.10)
A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.
An ion with a net positive charge. (2.5)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
The spreading of electron density over a larger volume of space.
For a reaction, a state in which there is no longer an observable change in the concentrations of reactants and products.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
A chemical formula that indicates the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of a substance. (Section 2.6)
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
A ribonucleic acid found in ribosomes, the sites of protein synthesi
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.