Solutions for Chapter 13.11SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)
A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.
An ion with a net positive charge. (2.5)
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)
The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)
The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge
Homolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.
A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
N-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group
Nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile bonded to the carbon of an acyl group is replaced by another nucleophile.
oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction
A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)
A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.
van der Waals radius
The minimum distance of approach to an atom that does not cause nonbonded interaction strain.
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