- 13.3SE.1PE: Calculation of Mass-Related Concentrations(a) A solution is made by...
- 13.3SE.2PE: Calculation of Mass-Related Concentrations(a) A solution is made by...
Solutions for Chapter 13.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
Avogadro’s number (NA)
The number of 12C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12C; it equals 6.022 * 1023 mol-1. (Section 3.4)
An elementary step that involves two molecules. (13.5)
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
first law of thermodynamics
A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.
A process in which heat converts a mineral in an ore from one chemical form to another and eventually to the free metal. (Section 23.2)
A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.
The total of (single bonds + lone pairs) for an atom in a compound.
A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.
van der Waals forces
A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule
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