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Solutions for Chapter 13.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.
The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.
base ionization constant (Kb).
The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
A class of substances formed from polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. (Section 24.8)
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.
A cumulated diene is one in which two double bonds share an sp-hybridized carbon
Two groups connected to the same carbon atom. For example, a geminal dihalide is a compound with two halogens connected to the same carbon atom.
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
Liquids that do not dissolve in one another to a significant extent. (Section 13.3)
Isoelectric point (pI)
The pH at which an amino acid, polypeptide, or protein has no net charge
The pressure that must be applied to a solution to stop osmosis from pure solvent into the solution. (Section 13.5)
The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.
A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.