- 23.4SE.1PE: Determining the Number of Geometric IsomersThe Lewis structure indi...
- 23.4SE.2PE: Determining the Number of Geometric IsomersThe Lewis structure indi...
Solutions for Chapter 23.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.
The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100
A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
coupling (of protons)
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
directed aldol addition
A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.
first law of thermodynamics
A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
A charge associated with any atom that does not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons.
free induction decay
In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.
polar covalent bond
A bond in which the difference in electronegative values of the two atoms is between 0.5 and 1.7.
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.
An alternative name for an imine
A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
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