- 24.5SE.1PE: Predicting the Product of an Addition ReactionWrite the condensed s...
- 24.5SE.2PE: Predicting the Product of an Addition ReactionWrite the condensed s...
Solutions for Chapter 24.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Compounds containing multiple aromatic rings fused together.
A cyclic hydrocarbon with a continuous alternation of single and double bonds.
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)
The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
The separation on an NMR spectrum (in hertz) between adjacent peaks in a multiplet and a quantitative measure of the infl uence of the spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei.
The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).
The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)
A reaction that takes place in a single step, without intermediates, and involves a cyclic redistribution of bonding electrons
A polyester in which the carboxyl groups are derived from carbonic acid
Secondary structure of proteins
The ordered arrangements (conformations) of amino acids in localized regions of a polypeptide or protein
three-center, two-electron bonds
A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).