- 24.8SE.1PE: Identifying Functional Groups and Chiral Centers in CarbohydratesHo...
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Solutions for Chapter 24.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
beta (b) pleated sheet
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.
The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)
Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero
An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)
A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.
The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.
A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.
A reaction in which only one species is involved in the rate-determining step