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Solutions for Chapter 3.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 3.12SE

Solutions for Chapter 3.12SE
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Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 3.12SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Since 2 problems in chapter 3.12SE have been answered, more than 239190 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • band gap

    The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)

  • battery

    A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)

  • Benzyne intermediate

    A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.

  • beta particles.

    See beta rays.

  • chelating agent

    A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)

  • condensation.

    The phenomenon of going from the gaseous state to the liquid state. (11.8)

  • debye (D)

    A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.

  • Exothermic reaction

    A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.

  • Fishhook arrow

    A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • lithium dialkyl cuprate

    A nucleophilic compound with the general structureR2CuLi.

  • Observed rotation

    the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light

  • oxidizing agent, or oxidant

    The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • oxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.

  • quantum mechanics

    A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.

  • retention time

    The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.

  • s-trans

    A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).

  • standard atmospheric pressure

    Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)

  • syn-coplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.

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