- 3.12SE.1PE: Calculating Numbers of Molecules and Atoms from Mass(a) How many gl...
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Solutions for Chapter 3.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.
See beta rays.
A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
The phenomenon of going from the gaseous state to the liquid state. (11.8)
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any
lithium dialkyl cuprate
A nucleophilic compound with the general structureR2CuLi.
the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light
oxidizing agent, or oxidant
The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.
A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).
standard atmospheric pressure
Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.