- 3.14SE.1PE: Determining a Molecular FormulaMesitylene, a hydrocarbon found in c...
- 3.14SE.2PE: Determining a Molecular FormulaMesitylene, a hydrocarbon found in c...
Solutions for Chapter 3.14SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)
A compound that contains at least one amino group and at least one carboxyl group. (25.3)
A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms
A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)
basic anhydride (basic oxide)
An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)
A copolymer in which the different homopolymer subunits are connected together in one chain.
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar molecule that possesses a permanent dipole moment. (Section 11.2)
The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that involves the installation of a nitro group (NO2) on an aromatic ring.
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.
The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.
A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain
The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)
A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)