- 3.14SE.1PE: Determining a Molecular FormulaMesitylene, a hydrocarbon found in c...
- 3.14SE.2PE: Determining a Molecular FormulaMesitylene, a hydrocarbon found in c...
Solutions for Chapter 3.14SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
A compound that can serve as a proton acceptor.
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)
Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)
Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.
Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.
Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
A series of structures that are melded together (conceptually) to circumvent the inadequacies of bond-line drawings.
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.
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