- 3.15SE.1PE: Determining an Empirical Formula by Combustion AnalysisIsopropyl al...
- 3.15SE.2PE: Determining an Empirical Formula by Combustion AnalysisIsopropyl al...
Solutions for Chapter 3.15SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer
An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.
The atom of a ligand that bonds to the metal. (Section 23.2)
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)
A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
Order of precedence of functions
A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)
A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
The conjugate base of a thiol.
three-center, two-electron bonds
A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).
The distance between adjacent peaks of an oscillating magnetic or electric field.
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.