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Solutions for Chapter 3.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
Aryl group (Ar -)
A group derived from an arene by removal of an H.
A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone
The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.
A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an oxirane (also see Sect. 14.7).
The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule
A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)
The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)
molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
The conjugate base of a thiol.
A reagent used to perform a Wittig reaction.
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