- 3.4SE.1PE: Writing Balanced Equations for Combustion ReactionsWrite the balanc...
- 3.4SE.2PE: Writing Balanced Equations for Combustion ReactionsWrite the balanc...
Solutions for Chapter 3.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)
The phenomenon of going from the gaseous state to the liquid state. (11.8)
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
A reaction in which a nonspontaneous redox reaction is brought about by the passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. The devices in which electrolysis reactions occur are called electrolytic cells. (Section 20.9)
energy of activation
In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
The flow of energy from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature when they are placed in thermal contact. (Section 5.1)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)
resonance structures (resonance forms)
Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)
Movement of a molecule as though it is spinning like a top. (Section 19.3)
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which have alternating configuration.
The conjugate base of a thiol.
Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.