- 3.4SE.1PE: Writing Balanced Equations for Combustion ReactionsWrite the balanc...
- 3.4SE.2PE: Writing Balanced Equations for Combustion ReactionsWrite the balanc...
Solutions for Chapter 3.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Absolute confi guration
Which of the two possible isomers an enantiomer is (i.e., whether it is the right- or left-handed isomer).
A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)
changes of state
Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is one.
See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).
A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)
A cyclic ester.
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with transition metals; these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)
Order of precedence of functions
A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
A molecule that possesses a nonzero dipole moment. (Section 8.4)
A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
Common name for silicon dioxide. (Section 22.4)