Solutions for Chapter 3.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 3.8SE

Solutions for Chapter 3.8SE
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Chapter 3.8SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 3.8SE have been answered, more than 148612 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • atomic orbital

    A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.

  • Celsius scale

    A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)

  • chemical equilibrium

    A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)

  • cumulated diene

    A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • Friedel-Crafts acylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an acyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • geometric isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)

  • Hofmann rule

    Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • mass number

    The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)

  • Messenger RNA (mRNA)

    A ribonucleic acid that carries coded genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes for the synthesis of proteins

  • Molecular spectroscopy

    The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • radical anion

    An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.

  • rate law

    An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)

  • Wavelength (l)

    The distance between consecutive peaks on a wave

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