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Solutions for Chapter 4.10SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
High-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu
levorotatory, or merely levo or l
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the left (counterclockwise). (Section 24.4)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
Possessing the ability to rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)
The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)
A reaction in which the configuration of the product is dependent on the configuration of the starting material.
In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.