- 4.1SE.1PE: Relating Relative Numbers of Anions and Cations to Chemical Formula...
- 4.1SE.2PE: Relating Relative Numbers of Anions and Cations to Chemical Formula...
Solutions for Chapter 4.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
In IR spectroscopy as well as UV-VIS spectroscopy, a plot that measures the percent transmittance or absorption as a function of frequency.
A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)
An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)
Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)
The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.
A compound that can serve as a proton donor.
A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)
Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)
A theory that accounts for the allowed states for electrons in molecules.(Section 9.7)
Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.
In IR spectroscopy, the energy of a photon is absorbed and temporarily stored as vibrational energy