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Solutions for Chapter 4.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 4.1SE

Solutions for Chapter 4.1SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 4.1SE have been answered, more than 216767 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chapter 4.1SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absorption spectrum

    In IR spectroscopy as well as UV-VIS spectroscopy, a plot that measures the percent transmittance or absorption as a function of frequency.

  • addition reaction

    A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)

  • Anion

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.

  • Aramid

    A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)

    The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A compound that can serve as a proton donor.

  • covalent bond

    A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • delocalized molecular orbitals.

    Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • Gibbs free energy (G)

    The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.

  • hybrid orbital

    An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • molecular-orbital theory

    A theory that accounts for the allowed states for electrons in molecules.(Section 9.7)

  • Ortho

    Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.

  • reverse osmosis

    The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)

  • SN1

    A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • symmetry forbidden

    A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

  • vibrational excitation

    In IR spectroscopy, the energy of a photon is absorbed and temporarily stored as vibrational energy

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