- 4.1SE.1PE: Relating Relative Numbers of Anions and Cations to Chemical Formula...
- 4.1SE.2PE: Relating Relative Numbers of Anions and Cations to Chemical Formula...
Solutions for Chapter 4.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on adjacent sites point in opposite directions and cancel each other’s effects. (Section 23.1)
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
boundary surface diagram.
Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)
A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
A process in which a system releases heat to its surroundings. (Section 5.2)
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom
The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)
An electron-pair donor. (Section 16.11)
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
secondary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.
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