- 4.12SE.1PE: Calculating Molar Concentrations of IonsWhat is the molar concentra...
- 4.12SE.2PE: Calculating Molar Concentrations of IonsWhat is the molar concentra...
Solutions for Chapter 4.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
In SN2 reactions, the side opposite the leaving group, which is where the nucleophile attacks.
A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.
The dipole moment that is due to unequal electron sharing between two atoms in a covalent bond. (Section 9.3)
A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.
Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.
Energy added or released when an electron is added to an atom or molecule.
Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)
Reversibly creating an unreactive group for the purpose of preventing a functional group from potentially reacting to give an unwanted product or products
The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.
The positively charged intermediate of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction.
Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.
Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)
A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.
A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond