- 4.12SE.1PE: Calculating Molar Concentrations of IonsWhat is the molar concentra...
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Solutions for Chapter 4.12SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)
Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.
See Charles’ law.
A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.
The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)
For a mixture containing two enantiomers, the difference between the percent concentration of the major enantiomer and the percent concentration of its mirror image.
A process in which a system releases heat to its surroundings. (Section 5.2)
Two liquids that can be mixed with each other in any proportion.
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)
The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.
Polymers made up of repeating monosaccharide units linked together by glycoside bonds.
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
specific heat 1Cs2
The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of three peaks.
van der Waals forces
A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.