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Solutions for Chapter 4.2SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 4.2SE

Solutions for Chapter 4.2SE
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4.2SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 4.2SE have been answered, more than 238065 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition reaction.

    A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • anti conformation

    A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • bond order

    The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)

  • bromonium ion

    A positively charged, bridged intermediate formed during the addition reaction that occurs when an alkene is treated with molecular bromine (Br2).

  • cation

    A structure that bears a positive charge.

  • f-block metals

    Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)

  • gauche interaction

    The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • hydrogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.

  • hydrophobic

    A nonpolar group that does not have favorable interactions with water.

  • ionic hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)

  • nuclear transmutation

    A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)

  • organohalide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • Quaternary (4°) ammonium ion

    An ion in which nitrogen is bonded to four carbons and bears a positive charge

  • Stereoselective reaction

    A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.

  • thioacetal

    A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.

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