- 5.10SE.1PE: Using Three Equations with Hess’s Law to Calculate ?HCalculate ?H f...
- 5.10SE.2PE: Using Three Equations with Hess’s Law to Calculate ?HCalculate ?H f...
Solutions for Chapter 5.10SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
atomic mass unit (amu).
A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
crystalline solid (crystal)
A solid whose internal arrangement of atoms, molecules, or ions possesses a regularly repeating pattern in any direction through the solid. (Section 12.2)
A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.
The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)
The probability of finding an electron at any particular point in an atom; this probability is equal to c2, the square of the wave function. Also called the probability density. (Section 6.5)
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.
Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)
A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A lipid that does not undergo hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.
In radical reactions, a step in which two radicals are joined to give a compound with no unshared electrons.
Rules for predicting the wavelength of maximum absorption for a compound with extended conjugation.