- 5.10SE.1PE: Using Three Equations with Hess’s Law to Calculate ?HCalculate ?H f...
- 5.10SE.2PE: Using Three Equations with Hess’s Law to Calculate ?HCalculate ?H f...
Solutions for Chapter 5.10SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)
beta (b) pleated sheet
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.
boiling-point elevation (DTb).
The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)
A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction
The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
The lowest energy state of a system.
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A compound containing a carbon-nitrogen double bond, R2C"NR’; also called a Schiff base
Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)
The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.
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