- 5.11SE.1PE: Equations Associated with Enthalpies of FormationFor which of these...
- 5.11SE.2PE: Equations Associated with Enthalpies of FormationFor which of these...
Solutions for Chapter 5.11SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.
A substance that has the characteristic properties of a metal and contains more than one element. Often there is one principal metallic component, with other elements present in smaller amounts. Alloys may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. (Section 12.3)
coupling (of protons)
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
The term used to express the concept of less shielding in NMR
The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)
A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.
A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids