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Solutions for Chapter 5.2SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Compounds containing multiple aromatic rings fused together.
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
A substance capable of donating a proton. (4.3)
Carbonyl group (Section 1.3C)
A C"O group.
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.
Having the same energy.
A technique for separating amino acids from each other based on a difference in pI values.
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
For a metal ion complex, the equilibrium constant for formation of the complex from the metal ion and base species present in solution. It is a measure of the tendency of the complex to form. (Section 17.5)
Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)
An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an S confi guration
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.
The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.