- 5.5SE.1PE: Relating ?H to Quantities of Reactants and ProductsHow much heat is...
- 5.5SE.2PE: Relating ?H to Quantities of Reactants and ProductsHow much heat is...
Solutions for Chapter 5.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)
C-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
A ribonucleic acid that carries coded genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes for the synthesis of proteins
The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
The number of molecules that participate as reactants in an elementary reaction. (Section 14.6)
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)
A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.
Cleavage by heating
Z (Section 5.2C)
From the German, zusammen, meaning opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on the same side