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Solutions for Chapter 5.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
A substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH2) when dissolved in water. (2.7)
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
beta (b) pleated sheet
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.
A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)
A polysaccharide of glucose; it is the major structural element in plant matter. (Section 24.8)
Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings. (24.2)
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)
A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)
A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.
A polymer constructed from a single type of monomer.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that involves the installation of a nitro group (NO2) on an aromatic ring.
In atomic and molecular orbitals, a location where the value of y is zero.
The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)
A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring that is twisted from and slightly more stable than a boat conformation.
In bond-line structures, a group in front of the page.
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