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Solutions for Chapter 6.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
An amine in which the nitrogen atom is connected directly to an aromatic ring.
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
electrostatic potential maps
A three-dimensional, rainbowlike image used to visualize partial charges in a compound.
A semiconducting material composed of just one element. (Section 12.7)
A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)
Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)
The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.
A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).
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