- 6.4SE.2PE: Electronic Transitions in the Hydrogen AtomUsing Figure predict whi...
- 6.4SE.1PE: Electronic Transitions in the Hydrogen AtomUsing Figure, predict wh...
Solutions for Chapter 6.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
An RCO! or ArCO! group.
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)
The pressure at which a gas at its critical temperature is converted to a liquid state. (Section 11.4)
A polymer in which neighboring chains are linked together, for example, by disulfide bonds.
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH) connected to the same carbon atom.
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A compound containing several ether groups.
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)
An alternative name for an imine
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.
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