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Solutions for Chapter 6.7SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)
An ArN2 1 or RN2 1 ion
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
directed aldol addition
A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.
In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)
The measure of disorder associated with a system.
Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.
ignal splitting in NMR
Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)
The arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic number, with elements having similar properties placed in vertical columns. (Section 2.5)
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
In IR spectroscopy, the energy of a photon is absorbed and temporarily stored as vibrational energy
In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.
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