- 7.5SE.1PE: Trends in Ionization EnergyThree elements are indicated in the peri...
- 7.5SE.2PE: Trends in Ionization EnergyThree elements are indicated in the peri...
Solutions for Chapter 7.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other
Charles’ and Gay-Lussac’s law.
See Charles’ law.
The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer
A device used for the analysis of a mixture that contains several compounds.
A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.
A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.
A polymer chain that continues to grow without chain-termination steps until either all of the monomer is consumed or some external agent is added to terminate the chain. The polymer chains will continue to grow if more monomer is added.
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
A protein used to transport molecules or ions from one location to another. Hemoglobin is a classic example of a transport protein, used to transport molecular oxygen from the lungs to all the tissues of the body.
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