Solutions for Chapter 8.11SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 8.11SE

Solutions for Chapter 8.11SE
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Chapter 8.11SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 2 problems in chapter 8.11SE have been answered, more than 90177 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • asymmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching out of phase with each other.

  • catalyst

    A compound that can speed up the rate of a reaction without itself being consumed by the reaction.

  • conjugate base

    In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when an acid is deprotonated.

  • conrotatory

    In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.

  • covalent bond

    A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • cumulated diene

    A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.

  • joule (J)

    The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)

  • lambda max (lmax)

    In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.

  • Markovnikov’s rule

    In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.

  • Meta (m)

    Refers to groups occupying 1,3-positions on a benzene ring.

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • norbornane

    The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.

  • Para (p)

    Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring

  • plane-polarized light

    Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.

  • Quantum mechanics

    The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.

  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)

    A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)

  • S

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.

  • second law of thermodynamics

    A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)

  • thermodynamic control

    A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

  • trigonal planar

    A geometry adopted by an atom with a steric number of 3. All three groups lie in one plane and are separated by 120°.

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